The process of manufacturing compost worms. Bring you good tidings that you will not toil much in the manufacture of compost as the worms themselves will take care of the whole thing, only you Give her the necessary materials and then let it run on comfort!
Let’s look first on the identity of the worm, which will this task. This wormEisenia foetida we consider possible types of earthworms, but its special characteristics. Colored pink or light Hamrawi, with a maximum length ofabout 10 cm, and weighs a thousand worm of about 2.5 kg. The advantage of being does not live deep in the soil but on the surface, and specifically on the remnants of plants and manure piles, find them there. Do not like thelight, not sunlight, and the ideal temperature you prefer, ranging between 18-25 degrees Celsius. Eat organic waste (plant residues, scales, kitchenwaste, etc. ..) and turn it into compost, and the rate of half the weight of a day! Do you see how many are active? (Stick with this equation in mind.)
That we know the worm, you must decide what will be the size of the potcompost that you want. There are pots ready and you will use any containerspecifications apply to him, even if the waste container!
Since the worm is working on the surface, the more the surface of the potwider and less deep (about 30 to 35 cm), all the better. Valamq large will not tell us much here, because we will put the worm on the surface in order to work effectively. Second, this must be the pot has holes at the top of its aspects, and has holes at the bottom (from 8 to 12 hole), to provideadequate ventilation at the top, and appropriate drainage at the bottom so as not to gather water in it. True enough, this worm like humidity, but the surplus water stored and may kill her.
Steps of implementation ;
First, brush the bottom of the pot
You must sow the bottom of the pot with some organic materials such asscraps of paper, and leaves of deciduous trees. Should Tmlúa almost halfthe container of this material, in order to be such as the thalamus, which itwill live worms. It will give them the necessary moisture and ventilationcontributes to the bottom. You can choose any combination of these possibilities: dried leaves, and clippings from newspapers and journals, and remnants of land plants, and scraps of paper bags, straw disintegrator, lawnclippings and dry, or even a little compost ready.
Second: Add the sand and soil
Add a bit of sand and soil, about two fists or Hventan, to improve thestrength of the layer and Vrshenaha Nkhaltha together.
Third, the process of hydration
Since the worm is like to live in a moist environment, we must be kind to this layer by spraying with water Vrshenaha, to become moist Kalasvenjh this layer that has been squeezed from the water.
And now we add the necessary amount of worms. But how will we knowhow much we need of worms? According to the equation that have been mentioned above, the worm eat the equivalent of half the weight of foodper day. From here Calculate the total weight of worms that you have added and you will know the amount of food that Stadhavha (If you add 1 kg of worms Vstadhav 0.5 kg of food per day).
According to a study at the University of New Mexico New Mexico State University found that about 2000 worm (approximately equivalent to the weight of 5 kg grams) can consume about 2.5 kilograms of food debriswithin 24 hours of time.
Fifth: Add food waste
And now what Tnoltm today? And what will you do this excrement food?Termuha not in the trash from now on, but potted compost worms. But waitRead the first what is the food of choice for this worm, and what are thefoods that may Tdharha. After you add food waste that tried to Tozaaohagood on the surface of the pot, and it is best to bury this waste a little, so as not to attract flies.
Favorite foods: fruit and vegetable peels, scraps of dead plants, andremnants of the agricultural season, so the tea leaves and coffee dregs,egg shells and even the condition that the ground and be clean.
Prohibited foods: All dairy products, and meat, and bones, and all that iscreamy or derivatives of oils and fats. Also, cooked food such as rice, macaroni and other not in favor affixed.
And to accelerate the decomposition of food, you can do Ptkotaiaha tosmaller pieces, or even grinding machine to grind food! And why not, pamper Didadnk Tdallalk is even later!
Sixth: The readiness compost
According to the amount Odvtamoha and depending on the amount thatTstkhaddmoha worms, time is determined by converting waste intocompost. In such a case may get to this amount, about three months.
Seventh: The purification of compost worms
In principle, if you Stadhavon compost to garden soil, there is no objection to let the worms in it. But if you wish to use compost in agricultural basins and bowls, and especially within the home, you may not want the presence of these worms in it. On the other hand you need to worms to the task of manufacturing compost again! Therefore may be interested that the compost pile Tncloha from which you received it. And here there are two ways to do so.
Some suggest that the easiest way to do this is to compile compost ready on one side, then add to the other side more food waste, whereupon the worms to escape from compost ready to food new, and so can take the compost is free of worms to a large extent (and However, this method may take a few weeks of time in order to evade all the worms from compost).
And the second method, a little harder, but their results faster, and is that the uniqueness of the compost on a large sheet of paper (possible newspaper) and exposed to light or direct sunlight, and so the worms would flee from the class, emerging into the heap, whereupon removal of the outer layer little by little, to get on a pile Dodd at home, Vtaidha compost to the pot in order to work again.
This compost, which we got rich Ballbecktiria useful, and calcium, and iron and magnesium, and sulfur, in addition to 60 different type of micro-nutrients needed by plants. The percentage of major elements are as follows: NPK: 1 – 0.1 – 0.1. And after that we got this compost, what should we do?
1 – spread allof a light layer of it (about 2 cm) on cultivated plants.
2 – or mix with prepared soil mix for planting basins by 20% of this compost.
Are you having problems in the creation of compost? Here are some of the problems that may arise and methods of treatment:
1 – an unpleasant smell, and has several reasons:
- Food plus the limit Tlob: We must reduce the food.
- A few ventilation: good ventilation.
- High humidity: Make sure that proper drainage, and that the holes is blocked.
- Food tends to acidity: You make a lot of citrus and cat dander, and even coffee dregs. Relieved of this material and add a bit of lime or crushed egg shells.
2 – There is a lot of Bargch
- You must be sure that food waste is buried or covered well. You can use a piece of cloth to cover or newspaper.
- Plus for food alone: reduced the amount of food you are adding, if exceeded alone may not Tstata worms to decompose and thus brings Bargch.
Finally, we hope that does not remain after the day you have endured concerned with food waste