Who says trip to Japan said tasting sushi and sashimi fish and finally fish again!

I think we’ll discover during this trek a sushi very different from what we can eat in restaurants, do the little home! So much to savor on discover that in Japan, as is documented prior to the issue!

Means sushi: vinegared rice with all kinds of things, not that raw fish … this is the Western view of the sushi! In fact rice may be accompanied by many things: vegetables, eggs etc! It is the presence of rice dénomine the bite … there are indeed vegetarian sushi! Be aware that raw fish is called sashimi, and he is not prepared as sushi.

Outside Japan, it is one of the iconic dishes of Japanese cuisine.        

We do not know exactly when appeared the very first sushi. The starting point seems to be the beginning of rice cultivation in Japan that began in the fifth century. But the sushi had to appear in the 7th century, in effect at the time the fish were preserved in the cooked rice … what can be considered the « ancestor » of sushi! The raw fish was pressed between salt and rice. The fermented product and after several months, was ready for consumption. This is the 18th century, a Japanese chef has designed the sushi as we eat today.

So it must be understood before the rice was only a means to keep the pieces of fish: it alternated layers of carp and rice in jars sealed with a lid, then let it ferment until a year. Then only the fish was eaten, the rice was thrown! It is true that at that period the Japanese ate only rice. But later the Japanese have put a rice snack which served as curator and to flavor everything they soaked in vinegar. They appreciated it and put the sushi was born! So it is that the sushi in Japan really began to take shape, people took a liking to the combination fish / rice vinegar, and a side dish that was originally, it has gradually become a meal in itself.

However it was not until 1800 that there appeared different kinds of sushi:

Nigiri sushi: This is the most common … rice (sushi preparation) is shaped into rectangles or rolls, and then topped with fish or shellfish
Maki sushi: This is based compound leaves of seaweed, they are stuffed with rice, once the roll is completed, we put on top a variety of foods such as fish, vegetables or omelettes! .
Oshi sushi: sushi is that it is closest to the original one, because rice is pressed with the fish and cut into small bites.
Maze sushi: This is clogged varied enormously … literally « Maze sushi » means so mixed sushi, the bite is composed of rice associated with all sorts of things.

Today, the sushi rice is seasoned with rice vinegar and sugar. Sushi can be eaten with the fingers or with traditional chopsticks. The manual of the tasting is to dip the sushi fish, not rice in soy sauce and rice retains its flavor. Can be diluted wasabi (Japanese horseradish) Soy Sauce in to the spice. Caution regarding salmon roe and eel, it is not necessary to soak them in soy because they are naturally quite salty. Ginger is commonly used to get the taste of Sushi precedent to better appreciate the next, which is different. Beware also the true color of ginger is white if it is pink is that it is full of dye! Sake can be heated in a saucepan or microwave, but it must be monitored, and never boil. It is drunk as cold, with or without ice.
 
You can eat sushi restaurant « classic »: this is usually they are the best, but also a sushi bar at the counter or in a « kaitenzushi » (lit. rotating sushi) dishes where color different according to their value runs all around the table. It seems that these institutions are of lower quality but cheaper. Moreover, the Japanese do not eat sushi every day … this dish is considered luxurious. One of Sushi’s rarest and most popular are those made ​​with Otoro (from the best piece of yellowfin Japanese).
There is also a strong tradition of eating raw fish at the « pure »! Indeed Japan, being surrounded by the sea, the Japanese used to eat raw fish or seafood very fresh for centuries. This is called sashimi.
For travelers that we are becoming, it will be necessary for us to know where to eat without breaking the bank, and where to feast when the need arises! So first the first situation: It seems that in Japan, one can find many Kaiten-zushi, sushi bars cheap with sushi on a conveyor belt where the plates moving past you, you are left with more to choose from a wide selection. Neta also classics such as fish and seafood, you’ll also find original sushi (sometimes a bit surprising!) Such as sushi with a piece of hamburger or canned tuna. In addition, dishes like fried chicken and desserts such as cakes and jellies also parade (notices to greedy). Tea is a free service. You will find cup, hot water and tea bags on the table. The price of sushi is materialized by the color plates. Servers compute the addition by counting the number of plates of each color.
 
Very important word to know: Teishyoku which means daily menu … It consists of a plate of fish or meat, with a bowl of rice and soup. You can get away without problems for 5 euros!

Voila! A first overview of the famous Japanese sushi and its surroundings!

Sayonara!